Hot Topic: What’s up with…U=U
“People [living with HIV] who take ART daily as prescribed and achieve and maintain an undetectable viral load have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting the virus to an HIV-negative partner”
-CDC, September 2017
Source. Obtained from National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease
Let’s break it down…
What is a viral load?
- Viral load is the amount of HIV present in a blood sample from a person living with HIV
What is undetectable?
- A person’s viral load is undetectable when antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the number of HIV virus copies to an incredibly low level
What is antiretroviral therapy (ART)?
- Antiretroviral therapies are medications that reduce the amount of HIV virus present in blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and rectal fluid
What is untransmittable?
- A person living with HIV who continues to take ART and has an undetectable viral load in their blood for at least 6 months cannot transmit HIV through sex
What does it mean to be linked to care?
- A person with HIV who attends medical appointments and takes ART as prescribed is actively engaged in care
- If you have HIV, live in Baltimore City, and want assistance with managing your medical care, please contact:
Baltimore City Care Linkage
To learn more, visit preventionaccess.org
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